Cross-Mission Learning Agenda for Conservation Enterprises

Cross-Mission Learning Agenda for Conservation Enterprises

Author(s): USAID

Publication Date: 2016

Location: Africa: Uganda, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania. Latin America and Caribbean: El Salvador. Asia: Cambodia, Indonesia, Philippines.


This Learning Agenda explores the conditions under which a specific strategic approach is successful in achieving desired outcomes, and why, in order to improve USAID’s biodiversity programming.

Information relevant to Learning Questions:

Are enabling conditions in place to support a sustainable enterprise?
• Diversification
• Market demand, profit potential, access to credit/capital
• Ownership, governance
• Government requirements, policies for enterprises, business alliances
• Financial management capacity, technical capacity
• Benefit sharing, biodiversity linkage, policies for and enforcement of resource use

Does the enterprise lead to benefits to stakeholders?
• Increased income for participants
• Non-cash benefits

Do the benefits lead to positive changes in attitudes and behavior?
• Attitudes regarding sustainable use of resources
• Behaviors regarding sustainable use of resources

Does a change in stakeholders’ behaviors lead to a reduction to threats to biodiversity (or restoration)?
• Residential and commercial development
• Biological resource use

Does a reduction in threats (or restoration) lead to conservation?
• Forest ecosystems
• Species

Enterprise type:

• Crops
• Livestock
• Sustainably-harvested timber products
• Non-timber forest products
• Sustainably harvested fish and shellfish
• Aquaculture and mariculture
• Marine/freshwater ecotourism
• Terrestrial ecotourism
• Other natural products

Document type:

  • Assessment
  • Report
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