Sound management of forests and other natural resources is integral to a country’s development, resilience, and self-reliance. USAID partners with about 45 countries to protect, restore, and manage their forests while reducing poverty and improving lives.


Where USAID invests in improved forest management and protection


  • Nepal

    Hariyo Ban II

    Building on the accomplishments and learnings of Phase I, the Hariyo Ban II program works to address and minimize biodiversity threats and climate vulnerabilities in Nepal, by improving conservation management and increasing ecological and community resilience in key biodiverse landscapes.
  • Philippines

    Sustainable Interventions for Biodiversity, Ocean, and Landscapes (SIBOL)

    The SIBOL project helps the Philippine government improve governance and sustainable management of natural resources and reduce environmental crimes. USAID will support efforts to conserve the country’s rich biodiversity while improving the livelihoods of Filipinos whose incomes depend upon these natural resources.
  • Indonesia

    Build Indonesia to Take Care of Nature for Sustainability (BIJAK)

    BIJAK is directly addressing the factors that cause deforestation in Indonesia, including market forces, financial incentives, policies, and social norms, to ultimately reduce greenhouse gas emissions and preserve Indonesia’s valuable biodiversity.
  • Cambodia

    Greening Prey Lang

    Greening Prey Lang works to improve the management of Cambodia’s forests and biodiversity through an integrated approach to promote conservation-friendly, resilient, and low-emission sustainable economic development.


  • Madagascar


    Mikajy, which means “taking good care of” in Malagasy, supports critical biodiversity conservation efforts in forested and coastal ecosystems and empowers local communities in these regions to locally manage their natural resources, while also providing new economic opportunities and support for natural resource tenure and property rights.
  • Madagascar

    Hay Tao

    Hay Tao, part of USAID’s Conservation and Communities Project, uses an intersectional community-driven approach to improve environmental protection, decentralized natural resource management, and sustainable community development near biodiverse areas in Madagascar.
  • Tanzania

    Landscape Conservation in Western Tanzania (LCWT)

    The LCWT activity works to protect endangered chimpanzee populations, safeguard their habitat through effective land use planning, and empower local communities by supporting more productive and sustainable livelihoods in the Gombe-Masito-Ugalla region.

Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Colombia

    Natural Wealth

    The Natural Wealth activity supports the Colombian government’s unprecedented commitment to conserve the country’s globally significant biodiversity in the context of a historic peace accord, by strengthening local land management while pursuing rural development goals.
  • Peru

    Alianza Forestal

    Alianza Forestal is a community forest management activity that engages and works with indigenous communities in Peru to reduce threats to the forests by increasing the economic benefits that come from biodiversity conservation and reduced greenhouse gas emissions.
  • South America Regional

    Amazon Indigenous Rights and Resources (AIRR)

    The AIRR activity, part of USAID’s Amazon Regional Environment Program, helps Indigenous Peoples contribute to biodiversity conservation and mitigating climate variation in and around their lands by improving their leadership in governance of Amazon natural resources.
  • South America Regional

    Strengthening the Capacities of Indigenous Organizations in the Amazon (SCIOA)

    The SCIOA activity, part of USAID’s Amazon Regional Environment Program, provides grants and technical assistance to Indigenous Peoples’ organizations in the Amazon region to help them improve their financial resources management, development planning, and priorities.
  • Ecuador

    Strengthening Natural Resource Governance in Ecuador (SNRGE)

    The SNRGE partnership helps conserve Ecuador's wildlife, fisheries, and forests through enhanced transparency and enforcement. SNRGE will identify, prioritize, and implement activities to protect Ecuador's biodiversity from threats such as illegal, unreported, and unregulated fishing and wildlife trafficking.
  • El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras

    Regional Coastal Biodiversity Project (RCBP)

    The Regional Coastal Biodiversity Project works to conserve biodiversity in coastal-marine ecosystems through good governance and biocommerce, for the benefit of local communities.
  • Brazil

    Partnership for the Conservation of Amazon Biodiversity (PCAB)

    PCAB is a multi-year bilateral agreement with the Government of Brazil with the Ministry of Environment, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation, and the National Indigenous Foundation. It aims to conserve the biodiversity of the Brazilian Amazon while improving well-being and socioeconomic status of rural communities.
  • Guatemala

    Guatemala Biodiversity Project

    The Guatemala Biodiversity Project strengthens environmental governance and conservation of Guatemala’s System of Protected Areas using a local systems approach that fosters biodiversity conservation awareness, stronger policy and legislative reforms, enforcement and prosecution of wildlife crimes, and local stakeholder engagement.
  • Peru

    USAID Pro-Bosques

    Funded by the USAID/Peru Mission, Pro Bosques focuses on strengthening forest governance, promoting private sector engagement and fostering indigenous empowerment, considering a cross-cutting gender and social inclusion approach. The Activity works hand in hand with the Government of Peru (GOP) forest agencies, private enterprises, forest concession holders and local indigenous…


  • Global

    Targeting Natural Resource Corruption (TNRC)

    Targeting Natural Resource Corruption (TNRC) seeks to improve biodiversity outcomes by equipping practitioners to address the threats posed by corruption to wildlife, fisheries and forests. TNRC harnesses existing knowledge, generates new evidence and supports innovative policy and practice for more effective anti-corruption programming. The project is implemented by a consortium…


  • Indonesia


    LESTARI, meaning "everlasting" in Bahasa Indonesia, was a sustainable forest management project.
  • Global

    Measuring Impact II (MI2)

    Measuring Impact II (MI2) provided support for tackling USAID’s conservation challenges. MI2 built on the success of Measuring Impact (2012-2018). It was implemented by Environmental Incentives, Foundations of Success, and ICF International. Regional and bilateral missions and regional bureaus could buy into this mechanism to strengthen development outcomes.
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